Bullo, M., M. Juanola-Falgarona, P. Herna ´ndez-Alonso, J. Salas-Salvado, 2015. Nutrition attributes and health effects of pistachio nuts. British Journal of Nutrition. 113, S79–S93.
Epidemiological and/or clinical trials have suggested that nut consumption has a beneﬁcial impact on health outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes, CVD, cancer, other inﬂammatory conditions and total mortality. Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with a healthy fatty acid proﬁle, as well as provide other bioactive compounds with recognized health beneﬁts. Among nuts, pistachios have a lower fat and energy content and the highest levels of K, g-tocopherol, vitamin K, phytosterols, xanthophyll carotenoids, certain minerals (Cu, Fe and Mg), vitamin B6 and thiamin. Pistachios have a high antioxidant and anti-inﬂammatory potential. The aforementioned characteristics and nutrient mix probably contribute to the growing body of evidence that consumption of pistachios improves health. The present review examines the potential health effects of nutrients and phytochemicals in pistachios, as well as epidemiological and clinical evidence supporting these health beneﬁts.